What is Pelvic Organ Prolapse?
Our pelvic organs are supported by the pelvic floor muscles which is located at the base of your pelvic area. It supports our bladder, uterus, and bowel. A prolapse happens when the pelvic floor muscles is no longer able to support and hold these organs in place because it may have been weakened or damaged. This causes the pelvic organs to prolapse whereby the organ will drop out of the vagina.
Types of pelvic organ prolapse:
1) Bladder Prolapse – the most common type of prolapse whereby the bladder drops out of the vagina.
2) Uterine Prolapse – the uterus bulges into or out of the vagina.
3) Rectal Prolapse – the rectum bulges into or out of the vagina.
Women usually will notice the feeling of a bulge in the vagina. Other symptoms of pelvic organs prolapse include:
- A feeling or seeing that something is falling out of the vagina
- Painful intercourse
- A feeling of pressure or discomfort in the pelvis
- Bladder control problems such as leaking or urine urge
Early signs of prolapse are mild and difficult to detect. When you find yourself having any of the above, it may often be somewhat severe and the treatment options may be limited to surgical intervention. Some women develop more than one pelvic floor disorder, such as pelvic organ prolapse with urinary incontinence.
What Causes Pelvic Organ Prolapse?
The common causes include:
- Pregnancy, labor, and childbirth (the most common causes)
- Respiratory problems with a chronic, long-term cough
- Pelvic organ cancers
- Surgical removal of the uterus (hysterectomy)
How is Pelvic Organ Prolapse Diagnosed?
At Vibrance, we offer Full Pelvic Assessment to check your pelvic floor muscle conditions and also sign of pelvic organ prolapse. It will be done by our Women’s Health Physiotherapists. They will talk to you about your symptoms and do a pelvic exam. They may also ask you to strain or cough during the exam to see whether these actions cause prolapse or urine leakage.
How is Pelvic Organ Prolapse Treated?
There are a few options for treating pelvic organ prolapse. It is also depending on the stages of prolapse.
Pelvic floor muscle exercises is usually recommended to help strengthen your pelvic floor muscles. This exercise can help women who have pelvic organ prolapse as well as urinary incontinence. For more severe cases, doctors may recommend doing pessary or surgery to support the pelvic organs. You will still need to strengthen your pelvic floor muscles even after doing pessary or surgery to prevent other pelvic organs prolapse.
Seek Treatment in Malaysia
The treatments we offer are non-surgical solutions that use clinically proven methods that involve physical therapy and the use of medical devices. It means that the treatment is safe and is proven effective in giving LASTING, TANGIBLE RESULTS (unlike potentially risky aesthetics treatments such as laser, needle jabs, and others).
Pelvic organ prolapse. Retrieved from https://www.webmd.com/urinary-incontinence-oab/pelvic-organ-prolapse#2
Pelvic organ prolapse. Retrieved from https://www.womenshealth.gov/a-z-topics/pelvic-organ-prolapse